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Personal Violent Crimes

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SENTENCING IN CRIMINAL CASES

Crimes Resulting In Death

Criminally Negligent Homicide
  • Statistics
    • In 2008, homicide was generally intraracial where the race of the victim and offender were known: white offenders murdered 83 percent of white victims, and black offenders murdered 90 percent of black victims.
    • In 2008, for homicides in which the weapon was specified, 67 percent of the offences were committed with firearms.
    • In 2008, homicides occurred in connection with another felony in 15 percent of incidents.
    • Nearly 80 percent of workplace homicides are committed by criminals otherwise unconnected to the workplace.
    • Homicide is the third-leading cause of fatal occupational injury.

    Statistics provided by Office of Justice Programs: NCVRW Resource Guide

  • The Law (if you would like to read the Colorado Statute for this crime, click one of the following)
  • Resources
  • Frequently Asked Questions
Manslaughter
  • Statistics
    • Teenagers (ages 13-19) accounted for 13 percent of murder victims.
    • In 2008, for homicides in which the type of weapon was specified, 67 percent of the offences were committed with firearms.
    • Knives were used in 13 percent of murders, and personal weapons (e.g., hands, fists, or feet) were used in approximately 6 percent of murders.
    • In 2008, 41 law enforcement officers were feloniously killed in the line of duty; 37 were male, 4 were female.
    • In 2008, where the victim-offender relationship was known, 23 percent of victims were killed by family members and 22 percent were killed by strangers.

    Statistics provided by Office of Justice Programs: NCVRW Resource Guide

  • The Law (if you would like to read the Colorado Statute for this crime, click one of the following)
  • Resources
  • Frequently Asked Questions
Murder
  • Statistics
    • An estimated 16,272 persons were murdered nationwide in 2008, a 3.9 percent decline from 2007.
    • Of female murder victims in 2008, 35 percent were killed by an intimate partner; 2 percent of male murder victims were killed by an intimate partner.
    • In 2008, 78 percent of murder victims were male and 22 percent female.
    • From 1995-2008, 23 teens were murdered because of their gender identity or expression.
    • In 2008, 627 people age 65 or older were murdered.
    • In 2008, for homicides in which the age of the victim was known, 11 percent of murder victims were under 18; 32 percent were between the ages of 20 and 29; 20 percent were between the ages of 30 and 39; 14 percent were between 40 and 49; 10 percent were between 50 and 64; and 4 percent were ages 65 and older.

    Statistics provided by Office of Justice Programs: NCVRW Resource Guide

  • The Law (if you would like to read the Colorado Statute for this crime, click one of the following)
  • Resources
  • Frequently Asked Questions
Vehicular Homicide
  • Statistics
    • In 2007, there were 12,998 alcohol-related crash fatalities (32 percent of crash fatalities) involving a driver with a blood-alcohol content (BAC) of .08 or greater.
    • The most frequently recorded BAC level in 2007 for alcohol-impaired drivers and motorcyclists involved in fatal crashes was .16, more than twice the legal limit in all states and the District of Columbia.
    • In 2000, each fatal alcohol-related crash cost $1.1 million.

    Statistics provided by the Office of Justice Programs: NSVRW Resource Guide

  • The Law (if you would like to read the Colorado Statute for this crime, click one of the following)
  • Resources
  • Frequently Asked Questions

Domestic Violence

Domestic Violence
  • Statistics
    • A meta-analysis of 118 studies showed that children who witness domestic violence in their home have significantly more negative outcomes than children who do not witness domestic violence. The effects on children who witness domestic violence were similar to those who were physically abused
    • In 2008, domestic violence victims made up 22 percent of all adult victims compensated by victim compensation programs; 35 percent of all assault claims were paid to domestic violence victims.
    • In 2007, crimes by intimate partners accounted for 23 percent of all violent crimes against females and 3 percent of all violent crimes against males.
    • In 2007, 47 percent of LGBT domestic violence victims were men, 48 percent women, and 5 percent transgender.
    • For 5 percent of adults on probation, domestic violence was the most serious offense of which they had been convicted.

    Statistics provided by Office of Justice Programs: NCVRW Resource Guide

  • The Law (if you would like to read the Colorado Statute for this crime, click one of the following)
  • Safety Planning
  • Resources
  • Frequently Asked Questions
Violation Of Custody Order
Violation Of Protection Order

Sexual Crimes

Enticement Of A Child
Exploitation Of A Child
  • Statistics
    • More than 20,000 images of child pornography posted online every week
    • 100,000 websites offer illegal child pornography
    • As of December 2005, child pornography was a $3 billion annual industry
    • 1 in 7 children who use the internet have been sexually solicited
    • 76% of victims in net-initiated sexual exploitation cases were 13-15, 75% were girls. "Most cases progressed to sexual encounters" - 93% of the face-to-face meetings involved illegal sex

    Copyright © Tech Mission: Safe Families: Keeping Children Safe Online. Retrieved from www.safefamilies.org

  • The Law (if you would like to read the Colorado Statute for this crime, click one of the following)
  • Resources
  • Frequently Asked Questions
Incest
  • Statistics
    • Incest has been cited as the most common form of child abuse.
    • Estimates of the number of incest victims in the United States vary. These discrepancies can be attributed to the fact that incest remains an extremely under-reported crime. All too often, pressure from family members -- in addition to threats or pressure from the abuser -- results in extreme reluctance to reveal abuse and to subsequently obtain help.
    • Research indicates that over 10 million Americans have been victims of incest.

    Copyright © 2010 National Center for Victims of Crime. Retrieved from www.ncvc.org

  • The Law (if you would like to read the Colorado Statute for this crime, click one of the following)
  • Resources
  • Frequently Asked Questions
Indecent Exposure
Internet Luring Of A Child
  • Statistics
    • Four percent of youth received aggressive online solicitations: the solicitor asked to meet the youth in person, called the youth on the telephone, or sent the youth mail, money, or gifts.

    Statistics provided by Office of Justice Programs: NCVRW Resource Guide

  • The Law (if you would like to read the Colorado Statute for this crime, click one of the following)
  • Resources
  • Frequently Asked Questions
Sexual Assault
  • Statistics
    • A 2006 study determined that sexual assault cases that receive a SANE/SART response were 3.3 times more likely to result in the filing of charges than cases without a SANE/SART intervention, and SANE-only cases were 2.7 times more likely to result in charges being filed.
    • A meta-analysis of 61 studies found that 18.9 percent of rapists were convicted for a new sex offense within four to five years.
    • In 2007, 41 percent of all sexual assaults occurred at or in the victim's home.
    • Rape survivors who had the assistance of an advocate were significantly more likely to have police reports taken and were less likely to be treated negatively by police officers. These women also reported that they experienced less distress after their contact with the legal system.
    • Of female rape or sexual assault victims, 32 percent were assaulted by a stranger. Forty-two percent of offenders were friends or acquaintances of their victims, and 18 percent were intimate partners.
    • Victim compensation programs paid $29 million for forensic sexual assault exams in 2008, a 28 percent increase from 2007.
    • In 2005, nearly half of female rape victims experienced either drug-facilitated or incapacitated rape.

    Statistics provided by Office of Justice Programs: NCVRW Resource Guide

  • The Law (if you would like to read the Colorado Statute for this crime, click one of the following)
  • Resources
  • Frequently Asked Questions
Sexual Assault On A Child
  • Statistics
    • Three in 4 American adolescents who have been sexually assaulted were victimized by someone they knew well. Thirteen percent of sexual assaults were reported to police, 6 percent to child protective services, 5 percent to school authorities, and 1 percent to other authorities. Eighty-six percent of sexual assaults against adolescents went unreported.
    • Ten percent of children have experienced some form of sexual violence.
    • The older the child victim, the greater the likelihood of being sexually assaulted by an acquaintance: 53 percent of perpetrators against children ages 6 to 11 were acquaintances, as were 66 percent of perpetrators against adolescents ages 12 to 17.

    Statistics provided by Office of Justice Programs: NCVRW Resource Guide

  • The Law (if you would like to read the Colorado Statute for this crime, click one of the following)
  • Resources
  • Frequently Asked Questions
Unlawful Sexual Contact

Threats of Personal Injury

Assault on At-Risk Adult or At-Risk Juvenile
  • Statistics
    • Persons with Disabilities:
      • Eight percent of child abuse victims had a reported disability.
      • Youth ages 12 to 19 with a disability experienced violence at nearly twice the rate of those without a disability.
      • In 2007, 8 percent of child victims of abuse or neglect had a reported disability. Disabilities considered risk factors included mental retardation, emotional disturbance, visual or hearing impairment, learning disability, physical disability, behavioral problems, or other medical problems.
      • In 2007, persons ages 12 or older with disabilities experienced approximately 716,000 non-fatal violent crimes and 2.3 million property crimes.
    • Elderly:
      • In 2007, 61 percent of personal crimes against victims age 65 or older were reported to the police, the highest reporting rate of any age group.
      • People age 65 or older are equally as likely to face an offender with a weapon as younger people.
      • Crime victims age 65 or older lost a total of $1.3 billion due to personal and property crimes in 2007.
      • Of those who reported crimes to the Federal Trade Commission in 2008, people ages 60 and over made up 8 percent of fraud victims and 12 percent of identity theft victims.
      • Of the alleged perpetrators of elder abuse in 2004, 33 percent were adult children; 22 percent were other family members; 16 percent had an unknown relationship to the victim; and 11 percent were spouses or intimate partners.

    Statistics provided by Office of Justice Programs: NCVRW Resource Guide

  • The Law (if you would like to read the Colorado Statute for this crime, click one of the following)
  • Resources
  • Frequently Asked Questions
Child Abuse
  • Statistics
    • 52% of child abuse or neglect victims were girls, 48% were boys.
    • During a one year period, 60.6% of children and youth from birth to 17 years of age experienced at least one direct or indirect victimization.
    • 8% of child abuse victims had a reported disability.
    • In 2007, child protective services found approximately 794,000 children to be victims of some form of assault during their lifetime, 51% will be victims of bullying or teasing, and 10% of children will be victims of assault with a weapon.
    • During 2007, approximately 1,760 children died due to abuse or neglect, more than three-quarters of these children were younger than 4 years of age.

    Statistics provided by Office of Justice Programs: NCVRW Resource Guide

  • The Law (if you would like to read the Colorado Statute for this crime, click one of the following)
  • Resources
  • Frequently Asked Questions
Ethnic Intimidation
  • Statistics
    • Of the 4,956 victims of single-bias incidents that were motivated by race, 69 percent were victims of an anti-black bias; an anti-white bias motivated crimes against 18 percent; an anti-Asian/Pacific Islander bias motivated crimes against 5 percent; and 2 percent were victims of an anti-American Indian/Alaskan Native bias.
    • Single-bias anti-Hispanic incidents accounted for 62 percent of 1,347 reported victims of ethnicity-based bias.
    • In 2007, 6,965 known offenders committed crimes motivated by their perceived biases. The majority of these offenders (63 percent) were white and 21 percent were black.
    • In 2007, female students were more likely to report gender-related hate words than were males (3 percent versus 1 percent). White students were less likely to report race-related hate words than students of other races or ethnicities (3 percent of white students compared to 7 percent of black students, 6 percent of Hispanics, 11 percent of Asians, and 8 percent of students of other races).

    Statistics provided by Office of Justice Programs: NCVRW Resource Guide

  • The Law (if you would like to read the Colorado Statute for this crime, click one of the following)
  • Resources
  • Frequently Asked Questions
False Imprisonment
Kidnapping
  • Statistics
    • Every 40 seconds in the United States, a child is reported missing or abducted. That translates to over 2,000 children per day or 800,000 per year.
    • Most abductions occur within a quarter of a mile from the victim's home
    • Of the 800,000 children reported missing annually, approximately 69,000 are abducted: Family members account for the majority of these reported cases (82 percent), non-family abductions account for 12,000 of these reported cases (18 percent), of non-family abductions, 37 percent are by a stranger
    • More than 65 percent of the victims of non-family child abduction are girls

    Copyright © 2007 Kids Fighting Chance. Retrieved from www.kidsfightingchance.com

  • The Law (if you would like to read the Colorado Statute for this crime, click one of the following)
  • Resources
  • Frequently Asked Questions
Menacing
Physical Assault
  • Statistics
    • In 2007, 5,408 hate crime offenses were committed against persons (as opposed to property). Of these, 47 percent were intimidation, 31 percent were simple assault, and 21 percent were aggravated assault.
    • Eighty-six percent of LGBT youth had been verbally harassed at school because of their sexual orientation; 44 percent had been physically harassed (e.g., pushed or shoved) and 22 percent had been physically assaulted because of their sexual orientation.
    • During a one-year period, 47 percent of youth ages 14 to 17 had experienced a physical assault.
    • Of the 621,450 violent crimes committed in the workplace in 2007, 492,790 were simple assaults and 97,830 were aggravated assaults.

    Statistics provided by Office of Justice Programs: NCVRW Resource Guide

  • The Law (if you would like to read the Colorado Statute for this crime, click one of the following)
  • Resources
  • Frequently Asked Questions
Reckless Endangerment
Stalking/Harassment
  • Statistics
    • During a one-year period, 3.4 million people age 18 or older in the United States were stalked; of these, 2,531,770 were women and 892,340 were men.
    • The most common stalking behavior reported by victims was unwanted phone calls or messages (66 percent), followed by spreading rumors (36 percent), following or spying on the victim (34 percent), and showing up at places where the victim was without having a reason to be there (31 percent).
    • More than 1 in 4 victims reported that the stalker used some form of technology to stalk them, such as e-mail, instant messaging, or electronic monitoring.
    • An analysis of 13 published studies of 1,155 stalking cases found that victims experienced violence connected to the stalking in 39 percent of cases.
    • One in 11, or 9 percent, of youth Internet users said they had been harassed online in 2005, up from 6 percent in 2000.
    • A survey of university undergraduates revealed that 20 percent had been stalked or harassed by a former dating partner; 8 percent had initiated stalking or harassment; and 1 percent had been both a target and an initiator.
    • Eighty-six percent of LGBT youth had been verbally harassed at school because of their sexual orientation; 44 percent had been physically harassed (e.g., pushed or shoved) and 22 percent had been physically assaulted because of their sexual orientation.
    • Of LGBT students who had been harassed or assaulted at school, 61 percent did not report the incident to school officials, most commonly because they doubted anything would be done (33 percent) or they feared reporting would make the situation worse (25 percent).

    Statistics provided by Office of Justice Programs: NCVRW Resource Guide

  • The Law (if you would like to read the Colorado Statute for this crime, click one of the following)
  • Resources
  • Frequently Asked Questions
Vehicular Assault
  • Statistics
    • In 2006, an estimated 278,000 people were injured in motor vehicle crashes where police reported that alcohol was present.
    • In 2001, the total cost of alcohol-related crashes was $51 billion.

    Statistics provided by Office of Justice Programs: NCVRW Resource Guide

  • The Law (if you would like to read the Colorado Statute for this crime, click one of the following)
  • Resources
  • Frequently Asked Questions
Violation Of Protection Order

Vehicular Crimes

Careless Driving That Results In Death
  • Statistics
    • Nearly 6,000 people died in 2008 involving a distracted driver, and more than half a million were injured.1
    • The most frequently recorded BAC level in 2007 for alcohol-impaired drivers and motorcyclists involved in fatal crashes was .16, more than twice the legal limit in all states and the District of Columbia.2
    • Using a cell phone while driving, whether it's hand-held or hands-free, delays a driver's reactions as much as having a blood alcohol concentration at the legal limit of .08 percent.1
    • The younger, inexperienced drivers under 20 years old have the highest proportion of distraction-related fatal crashes.1
    • Motorcyclists and drivers of light trucks had the greatest percentage of total drivers reported as distracted at the time of the fatal crashes (12%).1
    • In 2007, 15 percent of children 14 and younger who were killed in crashes were killed in alcohol-related crashes. More than half of these were passengers in the vehicle of an alcohol-impaired driver.2

    1Copyright © US Department of Transportation: Statistics and Facts about Distracted Driving. www.distraction.gov
    2Statistics provided by Office of Justice Programs: NCVRW Resource Guide

  • The Law (if you would like to read the Colorado Statute for this crime, click one of the following)
  • Resources
  • Frequently Asked Questions
Failure To Stop At The Scene Of An Accident That Results In Death
  • Statistics
    • "According to national government statistics, more or less than 11% of all motor vehicle accidents are hit and run incidents. This equates to almost 700,000 cases of hit and run accidents in the United States every year."
    • "In a report from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration or NHTSA, the rate of hit and run accidents has increased by 15% from 1998 to 2002 all over the U.S. In certain states, such as California, the increase rate for such incidents is even greater."

    Copyright © 2004-2009 Attorney Services: California Lawyers and Legal Resources. Retrieved from www.attorneyservicesetc.com

  • The Law (if you would like to read the Colorado Statute for this crime, click one of the following)
  • Resources
  • Frequently Asked Questions
Vehicular Assault
  • Statistics
    • In 2006, an estimated 278,000 people were injured in motor vehicle crashes where police reported that alcohol was present.
    • In 2001, the total cost of alcohol-related crashes was $51 billion.

    Statistics provided by Office of Justice Programs: NCVRW Resource Guide

  • The Law (if you would like to read the Colorado Statute for this crime, click one of the following)
  • Resources
  • Frequently Asked Questions
Vehicular Homicide
  • Statistics
    • In 2007, there were 12,998 alcohol-related crash fatalities (32 percent of crash fatalities) involving a driver with a blood-alcohol content (BAC) of .08 or greater.
    • The most frequently recorded BAC level in 2007 for alcohol-impaired drivers and motorcyclists involved in fatal crashes was .16, more than twice the legal limit in all states and the District of Columbia.
    • In 2000, each fatal alcohol-related crash cost $1.1 million.

    Statistics provided by the Office of Justice Programs: NSVRW Resource Guide

  • The Law (if you would like to read the Colorado Statute for this crime, click one of the following)
  • Resources
  • Frequently Asked Questions

This site incorporates public domain material from documents of the National Crime Victims Rights Week by the U.S. Department of Justice: Office of Justice Programs

Background Image: Rocky Mountain National Park by Sue Burke. All rights reserved.