Index: Health / Subcategory: Physical Health

Diabetes

Date Updated: 09/29/2011

Diabetes is a serious condition in which the body is unable to produce enough insulin (Type 1 diabetes) or is unable to effectively use the insulin that is produced (Type 2 diabetes). Insulin is a hormone, manufactured in the pancreas that is needed to convert food (sugars, starches, etc.) into energy. See Additional Information for more information on diabetes.

The data for Larimer County in this report were obtained through the Colorado Public Health & Environment (CDPHE) Colorado Health Information Dataset (Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and Death Statistics). The CDPHE conducts approximately 1,000 telephone surveys each month to collect this data. All rates, with the exception of death rates, are prevalence rates, meaning the best estimate of the percentage of all cases in the area. Death rates are age-adjusted (used to provide a basis of comparison for two groups).

What this chart shows: Diabetes Rate in Colorado & Larimer County, 2003-2004 to 2009-2010

Data Source: Colorado Department of Public Health & Environment

See data table

What the above data tell us:

The rate for diabetes in Larimer County has been consistently below the rate for Colorado. For the years depicted, the rate has exceeded the limit set by Healthy People 2010 of 2.5% or less and has continued to gradually increase. There are many potential factors for the increase such as: behavioral factors (poor dietary choices, decreased physical activity, and increased rates of obesity), demographic changes (aging population, increasing at-risk populations, increasing numbers of people with low incomes) and changes in healthcare and health awareness (improving abilities in detection and patient awareness).

Risk factors for diabetes include:

Take the Diabetes Risk Test to determine your risk.

What this chart shows: Obesity Rate in Colorado & Larimer County, 2003-2004 to 2009-2010

Data Source: Colorado Department of Public Health & Environment

See data table

What the above data tell us:

Obesity rates in Larimer County increased by 60.3% between 2003-2004 and 2009-2010. Beginning in 2007-2008, obesity rates in Larimer County exceeded the limits set by Healthy People 2010 of 15%. During the same period, obesity rates for Colorado increased at a faster rate of 21.1%. As discussed in the section on rates of diabetes, reasons for this trend are complex, including factors related to heredity, behavior and environment.

People who have extra weight in the upper part of their body (particularly around the abdomen) are at higher risk for diabetes. Classifications of overweight and obesity are calculated from an individual's height and weight (Body Mass Index or BMI). People with a BMI ranging from 25-29.9 are considered overweight, while people with a BMI over 30 are considered obese. The Centers for Disease Control has a BMI calculator you can use to determine your BMI.

What this chart shows: Population Meeting Physical Activity Standards for Diabetes Prevention & Control in Colorado & Larimer County, 2001-2009

Data Source(s): Colorado Department of Public Health & Environment

See data table

What the above data tell us:

From 2001 through 2009, both the state and the county met the Healthy People 2010 objective of 30% or more of population engaging in regular physical activity.

Individuals who are not physically active are at higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Physical activity helps with weight control, builds muscle, and improves blood flow, making cells more sensitive to insulin. The physical activity standard, a Healthy People 2010 objective, is defined as participation in regular moderate activity (5 or more days a week, for 30 minutes a day or more) or vigorous activity (3 or more days a week for 20 minutes or more).

Additional Information:

Disease Information

American Diabetes Association

There are three types of diabetes (and one important precursor):

  1. Type 1 Diabetes: Occurs when the body does not produce insulin (usually diagnosed in children and young adults). This type of diabetes generally occurs in youth.
  2. Type 2 Diabetes: Occurs when the body does not respond properly to insulin and no action is taken. This type of diabetes traditionally occurs in adulthood (although the numbers for youth are rising) and is preventable. Almost 90-95% of the 14.6 million Americans diagnosed with diabetes have Type 2 diabetes.
  3. Gestational Diabetes: Occurs when blood glucose (sugar) levels are high during pregnancy. About 4% of pregnant women develop Gestational Diabetes.
  4. Pre-diabetes (insulin resistance): the body does not respond properly to insulin, but blood glucose levels are not high enough to be classified as Type 2 Diabetes. Detection of pre-diabetes is important because it acts as a warning that unless something is done Type 2 diabetes may occur. Approximately 54 million people in the United States have pre-diabetes.

If you were recently diagnosed with diabetes or just want more information on how to manage your diabetes, the American Diabetes Association website contains useful information.

Return to Text


Additional Information:

Healthy People 2010 is a national health promotion and disease prevention initiative establishing national objectives to improve the health of all Americans, to eliminate disparities, and to increase the years and quality of life. New guidelines and objectives have been established for the next ten years, through 2020.

Related Information on COMPASS -

Other Resources -

Standards or Targets:

Healthy People 2010/2020:

Data Tables:

Diabetes Rates for Colorado & Larimer County

 

Colorado

Larimer County

Healthy People 2010 Objective

2003-2004

4.5

3.3

2.5

2005-2006

5.1

3.7

2.5

2007-2008

5.3

4.6

2.5

2009-2010

5.6

4.6

2.5

See chart

Obesity Rate for Colorado & Larimer County

 

Colorado

Larimer County

Healthy People 2010 Objective

2003-2004

16.6

12.1

15.0

2005-2006

18.3

14.4

15.0

2007-2008

19.4

17.1

15.0

2009-2010

20.1

19.4

15.0

See chart

Population Meeting Physical Activity Standards for Diabetes Prevention & Control

 

Colorado

Larimer County

Healthy People 2010 Objective

2001

53%

51%

30%

2003

55%

58%

30%

2005

54%

52%

30%

2007

42%

44%

30%

2009

57%

61%

30%

See chart